The Iranian military recently invited Iranian journalists into the 313 Strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle base buried under the Zagros Mountains, which run along the majority of the Iran–Iraq border and reach eights of up to 14,000 feet. While Western reporting tends to focus on the underground nature of the base, the majority of the Iranian press, including the official Holy Defense News Agency from which the accompanying translation is excerpted, focuses on the Haider-1 missile and the Haider-2 drone.
The Haider-1 missile has a reported range of around 120 miles and can strike targets at speeds of up to 600 miles per hour. According to Iranian press reports, the country’s Fotros and Kaman-22 drones can launch the missile. While the missile’s range itself may not be impressive, the Fotros drone reportedly has an operational range of approximately 1,250 miles, a flight endurance of approximately 30 hours, and a ceiling of 25,000 feet. This would place the entirety of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman within its range. The Iran Aviation Industries Organization designed and produced the Fotros drone as an air-to-surface missile platform.
The regular Army’s Air Force uses the Kaman-22, which is a multi-purpose platform with a 620-mile operating radius and a flight endurance of approximately 10 hours. It can be fitted for offensive, surveillance, or electronic warfare missions. Iran first unveiled the Haider-1 missile attached to some of its helicopters in 2019. At the time Iranian military spokesman said it would be drone-launched as well, and so this current announcement seems to follow through on this claim.
The nature of the Haider-2 “cruise drone” is less clear, but it appears to be an upgraded kamikaze drone. The line between cruise missiles and kamikaze drones is sometimes blurry. Iran points and shoots cruise missiles to target shipping and stationary targets and seeks advantage from a cruise missile’s faster speed. Kamikaze drones are also guided onto the target but are a multi-use platform as opposed to the single-use cruise missile.
Source: “Vizhgiha-ye Moshak ‘Haider-1’ va Pehpad-e Kruz ‘Haider-2’ (Characteristics of Haider-1 Missile and Haider-2 Cruise Drone),” Holy Defense News Agency (Iran state run media outlet), 30 May 2022. https://defapress.ir/fa/news/525883
…Brigadier General Shahin Taghikhani, the army’s deputy minister for Public Relations, expressed his condolences over the death of a number of compatriots in the Abadan metropolitan area, and said, “The military has significantly upgraded its unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capabilities in both quantity and quality, and has for a long time launched the production line of some UAVs.” He called the design, production and equipping of UAVs a move based on knowledge and technology and added, “We presented some of these achievements at the 313 Strategic Drone Base, and apart from reconnaissance, combat and destruction drones, we revealed various types of new Iranian ammunition.
…The Army spokesman said: “The Army Ground Force’s Haidar-1 missile is carried by large drones and can strike from a distance of 120 miles.” Taghikhani continued, “The Haider-2 Drone, designed by the Army Ground Forces, is a ‘cruise’ drone with a range of several hundred miles…
Emphasizing that Iran has a collection of bombs, missiles, rockets and other equipment installed on UAVs, he said, “These achievements are the product of the creative minds of the youth in the army, the Ministry of Defense and the hi-tech companies, and they collectively warn the enemy against any unwise action against the Islamic Republic.